The approved structural Reforms are an unprecedented opportunity for a transformational economic growth in Mexico, being the most relevant from an investment point of view the reforms related to Energy, Telecommunications and Antitrust, which have put Mexico in the radar of Multinational companies seeking to deploy their investments and that will require interaction and compliance with Mexican legislation.
Since a relevant component is the Tax legislation due to the economic and financial impact on each of the ventures, below we briefly highlight the relevant and trending tax topics for any Multinational company analyzing its inbound investment into Mexico, in which case the optimization of periodical distributions and of a potential exit strategy are of utmost importance.
Mexico has thin-capitalization provisions that limit the deductibility of interest payments to foreign related parties, when the debt to equity ratio exceeds 3:1. Mexican companies can request a transfer pricing authorization to increase the referred 3:1 ratio in the case it proves that its business activity necessarily requires higher debt leverage.
Debt contracted by members of the financial system or for the construction, operation and maintenance of productive infrastructure related to strategic areas, should not be subject to the thin-capitalization limits. One of these strategic areas which is relevant in the context of the Energy reform is the upstream activity.
Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS)
Mexico was proactive regarding the BEPS Initiative of the OECD and in 2014 enacted several provisions which intend, among other things, to limit the deductibility of: i) interest, royalties and technical assistance payments if the recipient is a fiscally transparent vehicle or if the payments are deemed non-existent or non-taxable in their country of residence, and ii) payments that are also deductible for another related party (unless is also obliged to consider as taxable the income generated by the Mexican payer). Tax regulations have been published which mitigate the effects of some of these statutory provisions.