Regulation can be a powerful force in driving sustainable practices amongst businesses - from corporate reporting to mandatory action. But what are the right metrics for sustainability and who should be responsible for tracking them? The response to these questions may be different based on geography, sector and market segment.
As demand for sustainability grows from a diverse array of players, global regulators are divided on how to keep up. Most sustainability-based regulations are not shared internationally, meaning each country has different standards.
In such a dynamic landscape, there are five questions set to shape the conversation over the coming months:
Who is pushing for the incorporation of sustainability into business operations and ESG reporting?
While many of the world's largest companies already follow voluntary reporting standards to report on extra financial metrics such as ESG risks, there is no global agreement on sustainability reporting requirements. Even so, the most powerful force in initiating such reporting is due to pressure from stakeholders - whether that be investors, asset owners, non-government organizations or the general public. This increased demand for transparency without a global unified agreement means that there are substantial differences in how countries are developing frameworks, legislations and programs in response. In order to respond to stakeholder pressure, companies need to obtain meaningful feedback on their sustainability performance via reporting processes which will help to achieve this global shift toward sustainability.
How to bridge the SDG funding gap?
The SDGs have come to symbolize sustainability in today's world but achieving them by 2030 requires serious engagement and investment, as the cost of achieving them is estimated at $6trn per year upwards. Funding the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a much-debated topic amongst experts, strategists and legislators. Moving away from the concept of funding towards private sector capital or social impact investing could be potential new avenues to leverage in order to achieve the tremendous ambition of the SDGs.
How to balance government incentives with regulatory action?
Finding the right mix between subsidies or tax relief for companies that initiate sustainable practices with the harsher action of fines is a tricky balance for governments to accomplish. However, businesses have perceived the increase of ESG regulations...