1 Relevant Authorities and Legislation
1.1 Who is/are the relevant merger authority(ies)?
As a result of the amendments made in 2013 to Article 28 of the Mexican Constitution, two administrative agencies, independent from the Mexican Ministry of Economy and with technical and operational autonomy to issue its resolutions, have been created to enforce competition law and the merger control notification process in Mexico: (i) the Federal Telecommunications Institute ("IFT"); and (ii) the Federal Economic Competition Commission (the "Commission"). IFT is the agency in charge of regulating and supervising the telecommunications, radio and TV industries, and the Commission is the agency responsible for all competition matters except for those sectors reserved for IFT. The Commission is integrated to exercise merger authority by public officials, divisions and administrative units, of which the main authority is the Commission in Plenary session, comprising seven commissioners, including the Commission President. Resolutions are issued by majority votes of its members and, exceptionally, by a qualified majority in accordance with the law.
1.2 What is the merger legislation?
Listed in order of hierarchy, the merger legislation is as follows: (i) Article 28 of the Mexican Constitution, which establishes the antitrust prohibition, concentrations and the monopoly exception regime in the case of intellectual property (patents, trademarks and copyrights) and certain state monopolies (oil, electricity and postal service, among others); (ii) international treaties to which Mexico is a party, containing antitrust provisions, including, among others, NAFTA/USMCA and EUFTA; (iii) the Federal Economic Competition Law (the "Law") and its regulations; (iv) the Industrial Property Law; (v) the Copyright Law; (vi) the Foreign Investment Law; (vii) the Federal Consumer Protection Law; (viii) the Federal Criminal Code; (ix) the Federal Tax Code; and (x) The General Law of Business Companies.
1.3 Is there any other relevant legislation for foreign mergers?
There is no relevant legislation for foreign mergers in terms of economic competition and free commercial practices, but requirements and limitations apply with respect to foreign investment for certain industry sectors.
1.4 Is there any other relevant legislation for mergers in particular sectors?
There is no relevant legislation for foreign mergers in terms of economic competition and free commercial practices...